Bar Admissions: State Bar of Michigan, 1984; Louisiana State Bar Association, 1985.
Education: University of Michigan, B.A., 1980; Detroit College of Law, J.D.; cum laude, 1984; Tulane University School of Law, LL.M. in Admiralty, 1985.
Memberships: State Bar of Michigan; Louisiana State Bar Association (inactive); Maritime Law Association of the United States; American Immigration Lawyers Association; Macomb County Bar Association.